An analysis of surah e al qasas from tafseer Alikilil of allama syuti
Keywords:women prophet hood, difference of opinion, explicit evidence, consensus
Abdul Raḥmān ibn Abī BakrJalāl al-Dīn Suyūṭī:1445–1505 AD)Al-Suyuti was born on 3O ctober 1445 AD (1Rajab 849 AH) in Cairo, Egypt.His mother was Circassian.And his father was of Persian origin.According to al-Suyuti his ancestors came from al-Khudayriyya in Baghdad.His family moved to Asyut in Mamluk Egypt, hence the nisba "Al-Suyuti".His father taught Shafi'i law at the Mosque and Khanqah of Shaykhuin Cairo.Al-Suyuti died on 18 October 1505.
In my Article, I discussed this particular topic about the women prophet hood in al-Milal wa an-Nihal, ibn Hazm mentioned that no difference of opinion occurred on this issue except during his time in Cordoba. He mentioned three opinions of the scholars on this issue. The third opinion was those of the scholars who refrained from giving a view on the issue. He stated that the proof of those who rejected the prophet hood of women is Allah's statement: "And we sent not before you [as messengers] except men to whom we revealed" [Yusuf: 100]. He said, "There is no proof in this verse because no one has claimed that women were messengers. Rather, the discussion is on prophet hood." The most explicit evidence in this regard is what was transmitted in the story of Maryam, and the story of Moosa's mother. That affirms the prophet hood of women.This included Moosa's mother's quickly throwing Moosa into the sea inside a basket, as soon as it was revealed to her to do so.He went on to say,"After Allah mentioned Maryam and the prophets who came after her, Allah said,"Those were the ones upon whom Allah bestowed favor from among the prophets" [Maryam: 85]. Thus, Maryam is part of the generality of this verse. And Allah knows best. The virtues of Aasiyah the wife of Fir'aun include the fact that she chose to be killed over royalty, and punishment in the worldly life over the luxurious life that she used to enjoy. She had foresight when she said, "He is a comfort to the eye" al-Qasas:9 However,"The scholars transmitted a consensus that a woman cannot be a prophet."