Diverse Approaches to Revolution: Mirroring Split in Pakistani Left Politics under the Shadow of Russian Social Democratic Labour Partys’ Second Congress
Keywords:Emancipation, Peasants Autonomy, Bolshevik, Menshevik, Revolutionary/ Reformist approach, Politics, Social Democratic Parties, leftist parties, Agrarian Program, C.P.S.U. (B.) CPI, CPP, Sino-Soviet split, MKP, NAP.
The objectives of Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP), established in 1898, included: empowering Russian working classes, without a clearly determined Socialist Programme. In 1903, diverse approaches towards revolutionary change in Russia led to RSDLP’s split into two factions: Bolshevik (Majority) and Menshevik (Minority). The divergence in approach surfaced during 2nd Congress of RSDLP held in Brussels-London 17th July - August 10th 1903. This research attempts to describe and distinguish both, Bolshevik and Menshevik approaches to revolution in Russia. It also compares approaches to revolutionary change in less developed countries, particularly Pakistan. It examines fragmentation and split of leftist political parties in Pakistan due to approaches towards revolution.