Rational Foundations of Criticism on Ḥadīth & Sources: Comparative Study on Research Methodology of Moḥadithīns & Orientalists


  • Yasir Farooq
  • Dr. Mahmood Ahmad
  • Dr. Muhammad Mansha Tayyab


With the narration and compilation of the hadīth, Moadithīns made special efforts against the liars and in identification of unauthentic aādīth. As a result, such principles were developed that any ancient and modern nation of the world is unable to have its precedent. In particular, the narrations that have been examined on the basis of chain criticism (science of excavation) are their own example. Moadithīns determined that any adīth narrated by the holy Prophet (pbuh) would be examined on some strict terms. Then, to achieve this target, numerous sciences of adīth have been developed. In the beginning, some orientalists also praised these principles and sciences of the adīth. Later on, most commentators came to the conclusion that the number of correct aadīth was far less than that mentioned by Muslim critics in the authentic collections of aḥādīth. Mostly orientalists criticized the principles of the aḥādīth, calling them inaccurate and incomplete rationally and logically. They claimed that the authenticity of a adīth checked on the basis of these principles, is doubtful and they reviewed the adīth on some self-made principles. This article is a comparative study on research methodology of Moadithīns and orientalists regarding foundations of criticism on adīth.